10 most difficult geography of South America riddlesGeography of South America quiz
Which direction are Easter Island moai facing?
There is only one ahu (group of statues), Ahu Akivi, with moai facing the ocean. It is unusual also by being one of the few inland ahus. At all other ahus (including all coastal ones) moai face inland.
What is the population of Lima?
approx. 350 000
approx. 800 000
approx. 2 million
over 7 million
Lima is one of the largest and the oldest colonial city in the Americas. It was founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535. The National University of San Marcos, founded on May 12, 1551, is the oldest continuously functioning university in the Americas.
What is the currency of Ecuador?
Just like Panama and El Salvador, the official currency of Ecuador is the U.S. Dollar. The switch from Sucre to USD in 2000 helped the country to achieve economic stability. Ecuador also issues centavo coins (but no banknotes), identical in size and value to their U.S. cent counterparts.
This is Schlumbergera, commonly called Christmas Cactus, because it flowers in winter. What is it called in southeast Brazil, where it occurs in the wild?
Flor de Natal (Christmas flower)
Flor de Dezembro (December flower)
Flor de Maio (May flower)
Flor de Papai Noel (Father Christmas Flower)
In Brazil, the genus is referred to as Flor de Maio (May flower), reflecting the period in which they flower in the Southern hemisphere.
What is the farthest point on the Earth's surface from the Earth's center?
Mount Everest, Nepal, elevation 8,848 m (29,029 ft)
Chimborazo, Ecuador, elevation 6,268 m (20,564 ft)
Puncak Jaya, Indonesia, elevation 4,884 m (16,024 ft)
Denali (Mount McKinley), USA, elevation 6,168 m (20,236 ft)
Chimborazo location along the equatorial bulge makes its summit the farthest point on the Earth's surface from the Earth's center. Despite being 2,580 m (8,465 ft) lower in elevation above sea level than Mount Everest, it is 2,168 m (7,113 ft) farther from the Earth's center.
Which large river flows through Rio de Janeiro? ("rio" is Portuguese for "river")
The Portuguese were the Europeans who encountered Guanabara Bay on January 1,1502. They took it for a large river, which they named "Rio de Janeiro" ("January River"). Later it was discovered, that the presumed river was in fact a gulf, but the name remained.
Which large lake is visible in this satellite image?
Lake Titicaca is surrounded by the Andes. It is often called the highest navigable lake in the world, with a surface elevation of 3,812 metres (12,507 ft).
To which country islands known as Islas Malvinas belong?
Islas Malvinas is the name used in Argentina for Falkland Islands. The islands are controlled by the United Kingdom, however Argentina has also claimed the sovereignty over the islands since it gained independence in 1816.
The grand Itaipu dam generates power for two countries. Which ones?
Brazil and Paraguay
Argentina and Uruguay
Colombia and Venezuela
Ecuador and Peru
The Itaipu Dam is located on the Paraná River between Brazil and Paraguay. It is still the largest dam in terms of annual energy generation, even though its capacity is smaller than Three Gorges Dam. Of the twenty generator units, ten generate at 50 Hz for Paraguay and ten generate at 60 Hz for Brazil.