Top 10 Peru factsPeru quiz
What is the most widely spoken language family of the indigenous peoples of the Americas?
Quechua is spoken in the Andes by some 8 to 10 million speakers. Today, Quechua has the status of an official language in Bolivia and Peru, along with Spanish.
In South America, what is the typical reason for breeding guinea pigs?
Food. Guinea Pig is traditional food in the Andes. Peruvians consume an estimated 65 million guinea pigs each year. Since the 1960s, efforts have been made to increase consumption of the animal outside South America.
Which language do words puma, condor and coca come from?
Quechua had already expanded across wide ranges of the central Andes even long before the Incas. Today, the language and its vocabulary are still popular in the Andes. In rural Bolivia, many Quechua words are as commonly used as their Spanish counterparts, even in entirely Spanish-speaking areas.
Who was the last ruler of the Inca Empire?
Túpac Amaru was the last indigenous monarch of the Neo-Inca State, remnants of the Inca Empire in Vilcabamba, Peru. He led the last brief rebellion against the Spanish, which resulted with his capture and execution in 1572. His last words were: "Pacha Kamaq (Quechua, Creator of the World), witness how my enemies shed my blood."
Which Spanish Conquistador captured the Inca ruler Atahualpa in Peru and held him to ransom in 1532?
Francisco Pizarro González was a Spanish conquistador who led the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire. He captured and killed Incan emperor Atahualpa, and claimed the lands for Spain.
The Pacific War took place in the South America in the years 1879 to 1883. Which territory was the conflict zone?
Atacama Desert. In the 19th century, there were no clear borders defined between Peru, Bolivia and Chile in the area of the Atacama desert. This became a problem with the discovery of valuable sodium nitrate deposits in the area.
What is the name of knotted strings that the Incas used for sending messages and keeping records, as an alternative to writing?
Quipu. A quipu usually consisted of cotton or camelid fiber strings. The Inca people used them for collecting data and keeping records, monitoring tax obligations, properly collecting census records, calendrical information, and for military organization.
Which European was the first to discover America?
Bjarni Herjólfsson. Bjarni was heading to Greenland to visit his father in 986, when he drifted south and found himself near the coast of today Canada. Despite his crew eagerness, he refused to land and only attested the discovery of a land full of trees and hills.
The mysterious lines of Nazca, Peru are the example of...
Geoglyphs . The Nazca culture is famous for its desert line drawings. On the ground level, they cannot be discerned, but from a higher elevation, they can be seen forming coherent drawings, usually of animals. There are innumerable formations of both animals and geometric designs.