Top 10 Mediterranean Sea factsMediterranean Sea quiz
Which part of Greece was never conquered by the Turks?
Corfu is the second largest of the Ionian Islands, west of Greek Peninsula. It was long controlled by Venice, which repulsed several Turkish sieges, before falling under British rule following the Napoleonic Wars. Corfu was eventually ceded by the British Empire and unified with the modern Greece in 1864.
What is the only Semitic language serving as an official language of the European Union?
Maltese developed from Arabic in Sicily, and later in Malta, between the end of the ninth century and the end of the thirteenth century. Maltese is the only Semitic language written in the Latin script. Through the history, the Maltese language has been classified in various ways, with some claiming that the ancient Punic language (used in Carthage) was the base of the language, while others believed the language to be Berber, and under Fascist Italy, it was considered a dialect of Italian.
What is the origin of the name of the Tyrrhenian Sea?
Name of Etruscans. The Tyrrhenian Sea is part of the Mediterranean Sea off the western coast of Italy. It is named for the Tyrrhenian people, identified since the 6th century BCE with the Etruscans of Italy.
How long did the Republic of Venice exist?
Over 1000 years. The Republic of Venice existed for over a millennium, from the late 7th century until 1797. That was one of the longest uninterrupted existence of a sovereign country in the history of Europe.
Which island is known as "Lighthouse of the Mediterranean"?
Stromboli. Mt Stromboli has been in almost one continuous eruption for the past 2000 years, which is the longest known in the world. The volcano explodes at intervals ranging from minutes to hours. This is known as Strombolian eruption type, also observed at other volcanoes worldwide.
Which southern EU country holds mandatory military service for men?
Greece. There is a long and still continued history of conflicts and tensions between Greece and Turkey. Between 1974-2002, Greece was in the state of general mobilization due to the crisis in Cyprus.
Where is the famous Shipwreck Bay?
In Zakynthos. The beach is named after the shipwreck of MV Panagiotis, a smuggler's ship. It ran aground in 1980, probably while carrying contraband cigarettes and being chased by the Greek Navy. According to a popular story, locals raided the cargo, and for the following four years no 'official' tobacco products were bought on the island.
What was the second "Sicily" in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies? (one was the island of Sicily)
Kingdom of Naples. The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies was formed as a union of the Kingdom of Sicily and the Kingdom of Naples, which collectively had long been called the "Two Sicilies". It was the largest of the states of the region known as Italy before the Italian unification.
What is the second largest Greek island? (after Crete)
Euboea, with 3670 km2 (1417 sq.m.) is more than twice as large as the third largest island, Lesbos. Euboea is separated from mainland by just 40 m wide Euripus Strait. A bridge over the strait was first constructed in the twenty-first year of the Peloponnesian War (410 BC).