Top 10 Israel factsIsrael quiz
What was offered to Albert Einstein in 1952?
Presidency of Israel. In 1952, Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion offered Einstein the position of President of Israel to Albert Einstein, after the death of Israel's first president, Chaim Weizmann. Einstein, then aged 73, refused: "I lack both the natural aptitude and the experience to deal properly with people". He died three years later.
How many lamps are there in the menorah that symbols Judaism?
7. The symbolic menorah has 7 lamps, but the commonly used Hanukkah menorah (pictured) has nine lamps, and no seven-lamps menorahs are made. This is because the menorah is described in the Bible as the seven-lamp lampstand made of gold, used in the portable sanctuary set up by Moses in the wilderness and later in the Temple in Jerusalem. The Talmud states that it is prohibited to use a seven-lamp menorah outside of the Temple.
Why is Jerusalem a holy city for Muslims?
It is the site of Muhammad's ascension to heaven. In Sunni Islam, Jerusalem is the third-holiest city, after Mecca and Medina. In Islamic tradition in 610 CE it became the first Qibla, the focal point for Muslim prayer (later moved by Muhammad to Mecca), and Muhammad made his Night Journey there ten years later, ascending to heaven where he speaks to God, according to the Quran.
Where was this photo taken most likely?
In Israel. The Dead Sea is one of the world's saltiest lakes. Its water has a density of 1.240 kg/l, which makes swimming similar to floating. For comparison, fresh water has 1.0 kg/l and average seawater has 1.025 kg/l.
These temporary huts on balconies are constructed for only one week every year. Who lives here?
Jews. A sukkah is a temporary hut constructed for use during the week-long Jewish festival of Sukkot. It is a symbolic shelter, commemorating the time God provided for the Israelites in the wilderness they inhabited after they were freed from slavery in Egypt. Many observant Jews will spend the whole week in the sukkah. The festival of Sukkot is held in autumn, in September or October.
In which country is Jewish Autonomous Region?
Russia. The Jewish Autonomous Oblast is a federal subject of Russia in the Russian Far East, bordering China. Soviet authorities established it in 1934 as the result of Stalin's nationality policy. The Jewish population peaked in 1948 at around 30,000, about one-quarter of the region's population. Today only about 4,000 Jews remain in the region - but it is still officially named as Jewish.
What does this silver star mark?
Birthplace of Jesus Christ. The Grotto of the Nativity, an underground cave located beneath the Church of Nativity, enshrines the site where Jesus is said to have been born. The exact spot is marked beneath an altar by a 14-pointed silver star set into the marble floor and surrounded by silver lamps.
When did the Yiddish language develop?
Around the 10th century . Yiddish developed around the 10th century in southern Germany on the basis of a local German dialect. The Romance borrowings in it show that Jews who came to Germany used the Old French or Italian varieties.