Energy factsPhysics quiz
What made the discovery of O-My God Particles a shock to astrophysicists?
Its high energy. On the night of October 15, 1991, the “Oh-My-God” particle streaked across the Utah sky. A cosmic ray from space, it possessed 320 exa-electron volts (EeV) of energy, millions of times more than particles attain at the Large Hadron Collider, the most powerful accelerator ever built by humans. The energy of this particle (probably a single proton) was equivalent to a 142-gram (5 oz) baseball travelling at about 26 m/s (94 km/h; 58 mph).
United States is the global leader in nuclear power production. Which country takes the second place?
France. The present situation is due to the French government deciding in 1974, just after the first oil shock, to expand rapidly the country's nuclear power capacity. This decision was taken in the context of France having substantial heavy engineering expertise but few indigenous energy resources.
What is the biggest power plant in the world?
Three Gorges Dam, China. The Three Gorges Dam is a hydroelectric gravity dam that spans the Yangtze River by the town of Sandouping, located in Yiling District, Yichang, Hubei province, China. The Three Gorges Dam is the world's largest power station in terms of installed capacity (22,500 MW).
When was the photovoltaic cell invented?
1839. The first experimental photovoltaic cell has been built by Edmund Becquerel, French physicist aged 19 at the time, in his father garage in 1839. In 1883 Charles Fritts created the first solid state cell.
What law does Newton's cradle demonstrate?
Conservation of momentum and energy . Newton’s cradle is a device that demonstrates conservation of momentum and energy using a series of swinging spheres. When one sphere at the end is lifted and released, it strikes the stationary spheres, transmitting a force through the stationary spheres that pushes the last sphere upward. The last sphere swings back and strikes the still nearly stationary spheres, repeating the effect in the opposite direction.
What type of energy is stored by a spring when it is stretched?
Elastic potential energy is energy stored as a result of applying a force to deform an elastic object. The energy is stored until the force is removed and the object springs back to its original shape, doing work in the process. Many objects are designed specifically to store elastic potential energy, for example: The coil spring of a wind-up clock. An archer's stretched bow.
What is Biodiesel produced from?
From vegetable oils. Biodiesel is an alternative fuel similar to conventional or ‘fossil’ diesel. The largest possible source of suitable oil comes from oil crops such as rapeseed, palm or soybean. The process used to convert these oils to Biodiesel is called transesterification.